See also Gallery 1 for information about the Iris Flower

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Descriptive terms:

Self - standards, style arms and falls are the same color, as a complete self they have the same color beards.
Amoena - white standards and anthocyanin pigmented falls
Reverse amoena - anthocyanin pigmented standards and white falls
Emma Cook pattern - an amoena pattern with white standards and narrow anthocyanin pigmentation borderd falls.
Bicolor - standards are a different color than the falls
Bitone - standards are lighter shade of color than the falls
Neglecta - blue or purple bitones with standards a lighter shade of the color than the falls
Reverse bitone - a bitone with the standards a darker shade of the same color as the lighter falls
Blend - combination of two or more colors, can be smoothly or unevenly mixed
Variegata - yellow standards and maroon or brown falls
Plicata - stippled, dotted, or stitched margins of anthocyanin pigmentation or lighter ground color
Luminata - the reverse patten of a plicata, with darker ground color and white edges, veins around beards
Glaciata - these lack all anthocyanin pigments and are pure whites, yellows, pink, or oranges, formerly called ices.
Substance - thickness and resilient tensile strength of the flower parts
Texture - surface sheen or finish, such as velvety or satiny finish of the petals
Diamond dusted - tiny, conical raised areas across the petal surface that shine like diamonds in the light
Silver lining - standards and falls have raised areas on the edges that reflects light in a shining light
Wash - obvious or definite overlay of one color on another
Infusion - faint or subtle overlay of one color on another
Sunburst - white or light streaks fanning out on the falls around, and sometimes beyond the beards
Spot - darker area around and below the beard on lighter or different colored falls
Signal - an area or patch of contrasting color below the beards (usually on arils, and some beardless varieties
Zonal - a distinct white or light area around the beards in the middle of the falls.